5 Brain Abilities


Our brain is highly adaptable. It is dependent on our environment as we grow. However, younger minds are more flexible and adjustable to conditioning. Also, the variety and quality of stimuli will shape your child’s brain architecture differently.
So, it is up to all parents to provide the best for our children.
“Education is not the learning of facts, but the training of the mind to think.”
– Albert Einstein


Your child’s learning process and problem-solving capability have much to do with their brain’s abilities. These abilities (or cognitive abilities) are attention, visualisation, logical reasoning, memory and processing speed. Within every child lies the 5 great Brain Abilities that can be sharpened to enhance their learning and to realise their potential.
With BrainThink Learning, we can improve our child’s critical thinking and problem-solving skills by the development of the child’s 5 brain abilities.
What are the functions of these abilities? How can these benefit your child’s learning and develop problem solving skills?
Every child has 5 brain abilities to perform wonders!
The ability to maintain concentration on an object or a task.
  • absorbs, processes & applies the info better
  • has better memory formation
  • maintains self, i.e. maintain focus, hold info in mind, ignore distrations & follow instruction
  • masters new knowledge & skills
The brain can picture info and recognizes patterns.
  • retains & retrieves info easier
  • can learn abstract concepts easily
The ability to remember & retrieve info, regardless of the time.
  • High working memory capacity helps your child stay attentive & focused
  • Short-term memory allows the brain to make room for new info for continuous learning
  • Long-term memory stores info permanently & fixed in the brain
The ability to strategize solutions to problems allows.
  • To obtain knowledge, make sense of their surroundings & make accurate yet appropriate decisions
  • To form numerous ways of solving a problem or doing things
How quickly your child understands or performs a task.
  • Helps them keep up with academic demands
  • Enables more efficient working memory & faster logical reasoning

We all possess 5 major brain abilities. The best time to nurture healthy brain abilities is during the early childhood days.


The act of listening and/or watching, and then carefully thinking through a given
information prepares us for
follow-up actions.

Example: Listening and paying attention when the teacher starting to tell a story.


Your brain’s ability to break down bulk details into recognisable points, patterns, or diagrams so that you can digest, assimilate and analyse the information relatively and effectively.

Example: Visualising and imagining the characters of the story, and having a mental image of the scene of the story.

This problem-solving skill
enforces structured thinking when we apply and make sense of our knowledge.

Example: Anticipating the progress of the story/what should be done by the
characters when encountering problems.

MEMORY (process)

The ability to store and recall information, derive insights, values, and learn to avoid mistakes.

Example: Remembering the
details/recalling the past
similar experiences.


This is the ability to process information fluently with speed. Neuroscientists think that brains that are extensively networked with well-knitted neurons can achieve this complicated task.

a) Consolidating the details and retelling the story using his/her own words.

b) Expressing his/her opinions and emotion for the story.

c) Answering the questions raised by the teacher.


As it takes all 5 Brain Abilities to optimise your child’s development, surely you would like to know what you can do as parents or educators, to hone these abilities in your child. The 5 Brain Abilities Assessment (5BA Assessment) is a valuable tool for you to learn about the strengths and weaknesses of your child. We believe any weaknesses can be improved and any strengths can be enhanced, especially from young.
The 5 Brain Abilities Assessment is a simple test that takes less than an hour, which can be done individually or in a group. Refer to www.5brain.org.


With years of experience in education, we’ve observed that young children’s 5 Brain Abilities can be further develop with fun and games. They have natural motivation to play and their curiosities will lead them to think and learn.
This observation showed that children’s brain capabilities (or more commonly referred to as ‘IQ’) are closely related to their performance at school, and even their social life and happiness.
The good news is, your children’s 5 Brain Abilities can be nurtured and developed! And the more these 5 brain abilities are developed, the easier it is for them to excel in what they do and lead a happy life.